Granzyme B (granzyme 2, cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated serine esterase 1); This enzyme is necessary for target cell lysis in cell- mediated immune responses. It cleaves after Asp. Seems to be linked to an activation cascade of caspases (aspartate-specific cysteine proteases) responsible for apoptosis execution. Cleaves caspase-3, -7, -9 and 10 to give rise to active enzymes mediating apoptosis; Belongs to the peptidase S1 family. Granzyme subfamily.
Synonyms: GZMB, E7EUV0, E9PID1, E9PLX4, E9PRD7 ...