Subcellular localization database

EGFR localizations

EGFR [ENSP00000275493]

Epidermal growth factor receptor; Receptor tyrosine kinase binding ligands of the EGF family and activating several signaling cascades to convert extracellular cues into appropriate cellular responses (PubMed:2790960, PubMed:10805725, PubMed:27153536). Known ligands include EGF, TGFA/TGF-alpha, AREG, epigen/EPGN, BTC/betacellulin, epiregulin/EREG and HBEGF/heparin- binding EGF (PubMed:2790960, PubMed:7679104, PubMed:8144591, PubMed:9419975, PubMed:15611079, PubMed:12297049, PubMed:27153536, PubMed:20837704). Ligand binding triggers receptor homo- and/or heterodimerization and autophosphorylation on key cytoplasmic residues. The phosphorylated receptor recruits adapter proteins like GRB2 which in turn activates complex downstream signaling cascades. Activates at least 4 major downstream signaling cascades including the RAS-RAF-MEK- ERK, PI3 kinase-AKT, PLCgamma-PKC and STATs modules . May also activate the NF-kappa-B signaling cascade . Also directly phosphorylates other proteins like RGS16, activating its GTPase activity and probably coupling the EGF receptor signaling to the G protein-coupled receptor signaling . Also phosphorylates MUC1 and increases its interaction with SRC and CTNNB1/beta-catenin . Positively regulates cell migration via interaction with CCDC88A/GIV which retains EGFR at the cell membrane following ligand stimulation, promoting EGFR signaling which triggers cell migration . Plays a role in enhancing learning and memory performance (By similarity). ECO:0000269|PubMed:11116146, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11483589, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11602604, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12297049, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12297050, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12620237, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12873986, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15374980, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15590694, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15611079, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17115032, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19560417, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20462955, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20837704, ECO:0000269|PubMed:21258366, ECO:0000269|PubMed:27153536, ECO:0000269|PubMed:2790960, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7679104, (Microbial infection) Acts as a receptor for hepatitis C virus (HCV) in hepatocytes and facilitates its cell entry. Mediates HCV entry by promoting the formation of the CD81-CLDN1 receptor complexes that are essential for HCV entry and by enhancing membrane fusion of cells expressing HCV envelope glycoproteins.

Synonyms:  EGFR,  A0A1W2PRR9,  C9JYS6,  E9PFD7,  P00533 ...

Linkouts:  STRING  Pharos  UniProt  OMIM

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence