Regulatory factor X domain-containing protein 1; Transcription factor required to direct islet cell differentiation during endocrine pancreas development. Specifically required for the differentiation of 4 of the 5 islet cell types and for the production of insulin. Not required for pancreatic PP (polypeptide- producing) cells differentiation. Acts downstream of NEUROG3 and regulates the transcription factors involved in beta-cell maturation and function, thereby restricting the expression of the beta-cell differentiation and specification genes, and thus the beta-cell fate choice. Activates transcription by forming a heterodimer with RFX3 and binding to the X-box in the promoter of target genes. Involved in glucose-stimulated insulin secretion by promoting insulin and L-type calcium channel gene transcription.
Synonyms: RFX6, RFX6p, hRFX6, Q8HWS3, Q8HWS3p ...