COMPARTMENTS

Subcellular localization database

DROSHA localizations

DROSHA [ENSP00000425979]

Drosha, ribonuclease type III; Ribonuclease III double-stranded (ds) RNA-specific endoribonuclease that is involved in the initial step of microRNA (miRNA) biogenesis. Component of the microprocessor complex that is required to process primary miRNA transcripts (pri-miRNAs) to release precursor miRNA (pre-miRNA) in the nucleus. Within the microprocessor complex, DROSHA cleaves the 3' and 5' strands of a stem-loop in pri-miRNAs (processing center 11 bp from the dsRNA- ssRNA junction) to release hairpin-shaped pre-miRNAs that are subsequently cut by the cytoplasmic DICER to generate mature miRNAs. Involved also in pre-rRNA processing. Cleaves double- strand RNA and does not cleave single-strand RNA. Involved in the formation of GW bodies.

Synonyms:  DROSHA,  E5RHD1,  H0YB67,  Q9NRR4,  E5RHD1p ...

Linkouts:  STRING  Pharos  UniProt

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence